Scrophularia Ningpoensis As Medicine – Ben Cao Medical Book


Scrophularia ningpoensis, widely known as the Ningpo figwort or Chinese figwort (玄参), is a perennial plant of the family Scrophulariaceae (the figwort family). The flowers of scrophularia ningpoensis are hermaphrodite, insect-pollinated and the plant normally flowers in late spring. Scrophularia ningpoensis is a major herb in the traditional Chinese medicine used in clearing internal heat, detoxicating and cooling blood.

Odour & Nature:

Sweet, bitter, brackish, slightly astringent, non-toxic,


Scrophularia ningpoensis functions by influencing the spleen, stomach and kidney.

Indications & Formulas:

Medicated wine with scrophularia ningpoensis can be taken orally to treat tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis.

A decoction of scrophularia ningpoensis, rhizoma cimicifugae and licorice root can be used in treatment for sore throat with black spots.

Powdered scrophularia ningpoensis and burdock can be taken to heal throat impediment.

External application of scrophularia ningpoensis powder can cope with sores inside nose.

Pills made with fried scrophularia ningpoensis can be taken with wine to treat hernia in small intestine.

The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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