Ligusticum Sinense As Medicine – Ben Cao Medical Book


Ligusticum sinense, a species in the genus ligusticum in the parsley family, is native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The root of ligusticum sinense is used in traditional Chinese medicine as analgesic (it helps to release tension headache pain and agonizing migraines), it also helps to expel dampness. The root is well-known as Gan Ben (藁本).

Odour & Nature:

Pungent, warm-natured, non-toxic,


The root of ligusticum sinense functions by influencing the bladder.

Indications & Formulas:

A decoction of root of ligusticum sinense is used externally to treat scabies in babies.

Powdered root of ligusticum sinense and Angelica root can be applied externally to treat dandruff.

Application in Modern Medicine:

Recent studies showed that the root of ligusticum sinense is an effective aid for digestion, as a carminative for flatulence, and for sweetening the breath.

The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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