Health Benefits of Polygonum Aviculare – Ben Cao Medical Book

1. Description:

Polygonum aviculare (scientific name: Polygonum aviculare L., also known as common knotgrass, prostrate knotweed, birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass, Chinese Pinyin: Bian Xu, Simplified Chinese: 匾蓄, 扁蓄, 扁竹, 扁辨, 扁蔓, 粉节草, 道生草, 竹叶草), is a species of annual flowering and herbaceous plant in genus Polygonum (Polygonaceae family). Found in fields and wasteland (from between 10 to 4,200 metres in elevation) in many countries in temperate regions, the plant can grow up to 40 cm tall. The whole plant of Polygonum aviculare is used as antipyretic, detoxicant, diuretic and discutient in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating diseases and health problems including intestinal worms and haemorrhoids.

2. Odour, Properties And Channels:

Polygonum aviculare is considered to have bitter, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the large intestine and spleen meridians.

3. Uses, Health Benefits of Polygonum Aviculare & Medical Formulas:

3.1 Skin Health

Juice of Polygonum aviculare is taken to ease swelling for any hemorrhoids.

Smashed Polygonum aviculare is used externally to treat malignant sores.

3.2 Jaundice in Adults – Liver and Gallbladder Disorders

Medicated soup with Polygonum aviculare and fermented soya beans is taken orally to treat jaundice.

3.3 Intestinal Worms

A decoction of Polygonum aviculare is taken on an empty stomach to treat intestinal worms.

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The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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