Dianthus superbus (scientific name: Dianthus superbus L., also known as fringed pink or large pink, Chinese Pinyin: Qu Mai, Simplified Chinese:瞿麦, 高山瞿麦, 野麦, 石柱花, 十样景花, 巨麦, 南天竺草), is a species of perennial flowering and herbaceous plant in genus Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae family). Found in Europe and northern Asia (from between 400 to 3,700 metres in elevation), the plant can grow up to 60 cm tall. The whole plant of Dianthus superbus acts as diuretic, discutient, antipyretic and detoxicant, in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) used in treating diseases and health problems including urination problems, edema and anal fistula.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Dianthus superbus is considered to have bitter and cold properties and to be associated with the heart, lung, small intestine and bladder meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Dianthus Superbus & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Anti-Early Pregnancy
Studies found out that extract of Dianthus superbus can excite the womb and exhibit an effect of anti-early pregnancy.
3.2 Bleeding Stopping
A decoction of fresh Dianthus superbus, red dates, fresh ginger, juncus effusus, gardenia jasminoides and licorice root is taken orally to stop bleeding from body orifices.
3.3 The Excretory System
A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum, couch grass rhizome, akebia stem, chingma abutilon seed, soapstone, betel nut, dianthus superbus and sodium sulfate can be used to treat difficulty with urination.
A decoction of juncus effusus stem, akebia stem, dianthus superbus and plantain seed is taken orally to reduce internal fever and promote diuresis.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Administration with caution for pregnant women (overdose on Dianthus superbus may result in abortion).
5. Research And Studies:
Dianthus superbus contains 77.3% water, 2.62% crude protein, 13.18% nitrogen-free extract, 4.95% crude fiber, 11.09% crude ash, 0.13% phosphoric acid as well as vitamin A.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.