Cynanchum Paniculatum As Medicine – Ben Cao Medical Book


Cynanchum paniculatum (Chinese: Xu Chang Qing, 徐长卿) is in the genus of cynanchum belonging to the family Apocynaceae. The root of cynanchum paniculatum has a high medicinal value, it is often used in relieving pain.

Odour & Nature:

Pungent, warm-natured, toxic,


The root of cynanchum paniculatum functions by influencing the liver and stomach.

Indications & Formulas:

External application of cynanchum paniculatum root can help relieve swelling.

A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum can be taken to cope with cirrhosis of the liver, abdominal water retention and dysentery.

A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum, couch grass rhizome, akebia stem, chingma abutilon seed, soapstone, betel nut, dianthus superbus and sodium sulfate can be used to treat difficulty with urination.

Carring a mixture of cynanchum paniculatum, adiantum monochlamys and plantain seed can be pounded can help to prevent or mitigate motion sickness (symptoms inlcude nausea, vomiting, dizziness, sweating…).

Powdered cynanchum paniculatum can be taken orally with water to relieve toothache.

A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum, pork and Shaoxing rice wine can be used in treatment for rheumatalgia.

Medicated wine with lythrum salicaria root, rosa chinensis and Sichuan lovage rhizome can be a therapy for severe pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstrual periods.

The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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