Curculigo Orchioides Root As Medicine – Ben Cao Medical Book


Curculigo orchioides (also known as golden eye-grass, rhizoma curculiginis, Chinese: Xian Mao, 仙茅, 独茅) is a flowering plant species in the genus Curculigo. It is native to China, Japan, Indian Subcontinent, Papuasia, Micronesia. In traditional Chinese medicine, root of curculigo orchioides is often used in reinforcing the kidney and enhancing sexual functions as well as dispelling internal cold and dampness.

Odour & Nature:

Pungent, warm-natured, toxic,


Root of curculigo orchioides functions by influencing the kidney, liver and spleen.

Indications & Formulas:

Root of curculigo orchioides (soaked in washing water of sticky rice), atractylodes (soaked in washing water of rice), boxthorn seeds, plantain seed, white poria (peeled), fried foeniculum vulgare, platycladi seed (peeled), prepared rehmannia root, fresh rehamnnia root and wine can be processed into pills for oral taking to treat impotence and premature ejaculation.

A decoction of curculigo orchioides root, epimedium, cassia twig, safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), peony root, Sichuan lovage rhizome, the dried rhizome of rehmannia, prepared rhizome of rehmannia and processed licorice root can offer a therapy for scleroderma (a group of rare diseases that involve the hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissues).

A decoction of curculigo orchioides and lotus nuts can be used to cope with gonorrhea.

Cooked curculigo orchioides and eggs can be taken to heal toothache caused by cold and wind.

The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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