Crocus Sativus (also known as saffron crocus, autumn crocus, Chinese:Zang Hong Hua, 番红花, 藏红花、西红花), a species of cormous autumn-flowering perennial plant in genus Crocus (Iridaceae family). Native to Mediterranean, East Asia, and Irano-Turanian Region, the plant can grow up to 20 cm tall. The stigmas of Crocus Sativus acts as antispasmodic, expectorant, discutient and antipyretic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) used in treating diseases including stomach illness, menstrual disorders, measles and fever.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Crocus Sativus is considered to have sweet, neutral and non-toxic properties and to be associated with the heart and liver meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Crocus Sativus & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Reducing Inflammation And Relieving Pain
A decoction of crocus sativus (2g), salvia miltiorrhiza root 15g), oriental motherwort (30g) and nutgrass root (12g) is taken orally to relieve postpartum back pain.
A decoction of crocus sativus and white spirit is applied externally to treat injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains.
3.2 Bleeding Stopping
A decoction of crocus sativus and wine is taken orally to treat hematemesis.
3.3 Skin Health
A decoction of crocus sativus, lithospermum erythrorhizon and root of common peony is used in healing measles.
3.4 Typhoid Fever
A decoction of crocus sativus can be used to treat typhoid fever accompanied with psychiatric disorder.
3.5 Blood Path Disorders
Powdered tree peony root bark (6g), Angelica sinensis (6g), rheum officinale (4.5g), crocus sativus (2g) and dried waterlily leaf (6g) is taken orally with warm water to treat postpartum abdominal pain caused by blood stasis.
A decoction of crocus sativus is taken orally to treat various skin lumps.
A decoction of crocus sativus, oriental motherwort and salvia miltiorrhiza root is used in treating irregular menstruation, painful menstruation and amenorrhea.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Women with menorrhagia should avoid taking medicine that contains crocus sativus.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.