Angelica Root As Medicine – Ben Cao Medical Book


Angelica dahurica, or Dahurian angelica, is a wildly grown species of angelica native to Siberia, Russia Far East, Mongolia, Northeastern China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. This species is commonly found near river banks, along streams and among rocky shrubs. The root of the plant is a major herb in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) where it is called Bai Zhi (白芷). Angelica root serves as an analgesic and blood circulation promoter, it can also facilitate the dampness removal process.

Odour & Nature:

Pungent, warm-natured, non-toxic,


Angelica root functions by influencing the lung and stomach.

Indications & Formulas:

A decoction of fresh licorice root, Angelica root, fresh ginger, white onion, red date and fermented soybean is taken to treat typhoid fever without sweating.

Powdered Angelica root and spikes of Schizonepeta is taken orally with tea to treat a common cold.

A mixture of Angelica root (fried), Sichuan lovage rhizome (fried), licorice root (fried) and aconite are pounded into powder; the powder is taken with mint soup to treat intermittent headache and migraine.

Pills made with dried Angelica root and refined honey is taken with tea or soup to relieve fainting and dizziness.

Powdered Angelica root is taken after meal to treat halitosis (bad breath).

A mixture of powdered Angelica sinensis and Angelica root can be taken with rice soup to cope with constipation.

Ointment made from salvia miltiorrhiza roots, Angelica root and peony root can be applied on affected part to treat acute mastitis.

Ointment made with cyrtomium fortunei root, Angelica root and vegetable oil can be applied externally to remedy head sores.

A mixture of calcined gypsum, radix sileris, schizonepeta (荆芥), asarum (细辛) and angelica root(白芷) can be pounded and used in tooth brushing to treat gastropyretic toothache.

Powered malachite and angelica root(白芷) can be applied externally to heal various sores in infants.

The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.

The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.

Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.

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