Soybean (scientific name: Glycine max (Linn.) Merr., also known as soya bean, Chinese Pinyin: Da Dou, Simplified Chinese: 大豆, 菽, 黄豆), is a species of annual, erect, flowering legume in genus Glycine (botanical bean family, Fabaceae). Native to East Asia, the plant can grow up to 90 cm tall. The seed of soybean is used as anti-diarrheal, antibloat drug, hemostatic (stops bleeding drug) and heat-clearing drug in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as diabetes and stroke.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Soybean is considered to have sweet, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the spleen and large intestine meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Soybean & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Provide Essential Nutrients
Soybeans are an exceptional source of essential nutrients, providing in a 100 gram serving (raw, for reference) high contents of the Daily Value (DV) especially for protein (36% DV), dietary fiber (37%), iron (121%), manganese (120%), phosphorus (101%) and several B vitamins, including folate (94%) (table). High contents also exist for vitamin K, magnesium, zinc and potassium (table).
A decoction of adenophora hunanensis nannf root, pig kidney, black soybean, shepherd’s purse, gypsum, ginseng, poria cocos, magnetite, rhizoma anemarrhenae, the root of kudzu vine, Scutellaria baicalensis, radices trichosanthis and licorice root can be used in treating diabetes.
3.3 Prevent Colorectal Cancer
The dietary fiber in the soybean plays a decisive role in promoting good digestion and excretion of solid waste. Intake of appropriate amount of cellulose can soften the food in the intestine, promote intestinal peristalsis, speed up the defecation, prevent constipation and reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.
3.4 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Greater burdock seeds, fermented soybean (fried) and notopterygium root are pounded into powder for internal taking to treat swollen joints.
Congee with ephedra sinica and fermented soybean is taken to stop fever in the beginning stages.
A decoction of fresh licorice root, Angelica root, fresh ginger, white onion, red date and fermented soybean is taken to treat typhoid fever without sweating.
Foxtail millet porridge with spikes of nepeta cataria, mint leaf and fermented soybean can be an adjuvant treatment approach for patients with stroke.
3.6 The Excretory System
Pills made with artemisia carvifolia, artemisia argy, fermented soybean is taken orally to treat dysentery and severe diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces.
3.7 Eye Health
A decoction of epimedium and fermented soybean can be used as a therapy for glaucoma after surgery.
A mixture of rhizome of skullcap, fermented soybean and cooked pork liver are taken with warm soup to treat lung heat caused macula of retina.
3.8 Clearing Away Internal Heat
A decoction of clerodendrum cyrtophyllum, licorice root and fermented soybean is taken to treat skin diseases due to a lurking pathogen present with symptoms of internal heat.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.