Verbena officinalis (scientific name: Verbena officinalis L., also known as common vervain or common verbena, Chinese Pinyin: Ma Bian Cao, Simplified Chinese: 马鞭草, 马鞭梢, 铁马鞭, 白马鞭, 疟马鞭, 凤颈草, 紫顶龙芽草, 野荆芥), is a species of perennial flowering and herbaceous plant in genus Verbena (Verbenaceae family). Found in Europe, North American and east Asia, the plant can grow up to 120 cm tall. The whole plant of Verbena officinalis is used as stasis-eliminating drug, antipyretic, detoxicant, antipruritic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating diseases and health problems including amenorrhea, testicle pain and acute mastitis.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Verbena officinalis is considered to have bitter, mildly cold and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the liver and spleen meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Verbena Officinalis & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Cold, Flu, Fever And Coughing
A decoction of fresh Verbena officinalis, notopterygium root and Artemisia carvifolia is taken orally to treat common cold.
Juice of Verbena officinalis mixed with wine is taken to treat malaria.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation And Relieving Pain
Juice of Verbena officinalis mixed with human milk is taken orally to treat sore throat.
A decoction of Verbena officinalis is taken daily to treat periodontitis.
Smashed Verbena officinalis is applied externally to relieve testicle pain.
3.3 Jaundice in Adults – Liver and Gallbladder Disorders
A decoction of fresh Verbena officinalis root and sugar is taken to treat jaundice in adults caused by liver and gallbladder disorders.
3.4 Skin Health
Juice of Verbena officinalis is taken orally to treat scabies.
3.5 Gynecological Diseases and Disorders
A decoction of Verbena officinalis roots and seedling is taken with wine to treat amenorrhea (abnormal absence of menstruation).
Verbena officinalis, wine and fresh ginger are smashed and used externally to treat acute mastitis.
A decoction of Verbena officinalis and old tea leaves is used in treating dysentery and severe diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Administration with caution for pregnant women.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.