Trichosanthes cucumeroides (scientific name: Trichosanthes cucumeroides (Ser.) Maxim., Chinese Pinyin: Wang Gua, Simplified Chinese: 王瓜, 土瓜, 钩 , 老鸦瓜, 马瓞瓜, 赤雹子, 野甜瓜, 师姑草, 公公须), is a species of perennial, flowering lianas in genus Trichosanthes (cucumber family Cucurbitaceae). Found on hillsides or in shrub (mostly from between 0 to 1,700 meters in elevation) in Southeast Asia, the roots, fruits and seeds of Trichosanthes cucumeroides are used as antipyretic, secretory and stasis-eliminating drug in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as jaundice and plugged ducts and mastitis in women.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The root of Trichosanthes cucumeroides is considered to have bitter, cold and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the heart and kidney meridians.
The seeds of Trichosanthes cucumeroides is considered to have sour, bitter, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the heart and kidney meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Trichosanthes Cucumeroides & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Infant Jaundice
Juice of fresh Trichosanthes Cucumeroides fruits is taken orally to treat infant jaundice.
3.2 Jaundice in Adults – Liver and Gallbladder Disorders
Juice of fresh Trichosanthes Cucumeroides fruits is taken daily in the morning to treat jaundice in adults related to liver and gallbladder disorders.
3.3 Bleeding Stopping
Pills made from calcined Trichosanthes cucumeroides fruit, rehmannia glutinosa root, rhizomes of coptis chinensis and honey is taken orally to stop large intestine bleeding.
3.4 The Excretory System
Juice of fresh Trichosanthes Cucumeroides fruits can be used externally to treat difficulty with urination as well as constipation.
3.5 Gynecological Diseases and Disorders
Powdered Trichosanthes cucumeroides root is taken orally with wine to treat plugged ducts and mastitis in women.
Trichosanthes cucumeroides root, peony root and cassia twig are pounded and taken orally with wine to treat irregular periods and bloating.
3.6 The Digestive System
Ash from burning Trichosanthes cucumeroides root, red dates, atractylodes, Mangnolia officinalis, dried tangerine peel and licorice root are processed and taken orally with wine to treat nausea and vomiting.
3.7 Joint Numbness
Powdered Trichosanthes cucumeroides seeds (fried) is taken with wine to relieve point numbness or tingling.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.