Rice wine (Chinese Pinyin: Mi Jiu, Simplified Chinese: 米酒), is an alcoholic drink made from rice (usually polished glutinous rice) and wine yeast. The history of rice wine can be traced back to the Chinese Yangshao culture around 5000 BC to 3000 BC with the finding of the earliest pottery wine cups. Rice wine has been traditionally consumed in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. The alcohol content of rice wine often ranges from 18% to 25%. Rice wine is used as drug effectiveness enhancer and antioxidant in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as edema and rheumatalgia.
Other simplified Chinese names for rice wine include:酒酿, 甜酒, 醴, 醪糟, 江米酒, 糯米酒, 清酒.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Rice wine is considered to have bitter, sweet, pungent, highly warm and low toxicity properties and to be associated with the lung, spleen and stomach meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Rice Wine & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Anti-cancer and Anti-bacterial Activity of Rice Wine
Scientists from the Korean Food Research Institute found out that dealcoholized rice wine can cause the death of gastric cancer cells in mice (AGS human gastric adenocarcinoma cells). Tumors in this study reduced in size and volume when animals were injected with a dosage of 500mg/kg of non-alcoholic makgeolli mixture for 7 weeks. This proves that plant extracts contained in the drink could have an anti-cancer effect (Shin et al., 2015).
3.2 Bleed Stopping
A decoction of Vicia hirsuta and rice wine is taken orally to treat nosebleed.
3.3 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Medicated rice wine with Draba nemorosa seeds is taken to treat edema (swelling caused by fluid retention).
A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum, pork and Shaoxing rice wine can be used in treatment for rheumatalgia.
3.5 Mouth Sores
A decoction of rice wine, bark of phellodendron amurense, rhizomes of coptis chinensis and gardenia jasminoides fruits is taken orally before meal to treat mouth sores.
A decoction of rice wine, donkey-hide gelatin, eggs and white sugar is taken orally before meal to treat anemia.
List of reference
Shin, E., Kim, S., Kim, J., Ha, J., & Hwang, J. (2015). Dealcoholized Korean Rice Wine (Makgeolli) Exerts Potent Anti-Tumor Effect in AGS Human Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells and Tumor Xenograft Mice. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 25(9), 1485-1492.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.