Momordica cochinchinensis (scientific name: Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng., also known as Gac fruit, Chinese Pinyin: Mu Bie Zi, Simplified Chinese: 木鳖子, 木蟹, 土木鳖, 壳木鳖, 漏苓子, 地桐子, 藤桐子, 木鳖瓜), is a species of perennial lianas in genus Momordica (botanical cucumber family, Cucurbitaceae). Found in the valley, along the roadside (usually from between 450 to 1,100 meters in elevation) in Southeast Asian region from South China to Northeastern Australia, the plant can grow up to 15 m long. The seeds of Momordica cochinchinensis is used as lump resolver and discutient in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as erysipelas.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The seeds of Momordica cochinchinensis is considered to have sweet, warm and toxic properties and to be associated with the liver, spleen and stomach meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Momordica Cochinchinensis & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Powdered Momordica cochinchinensis seed mixed with vinegar can be applied externally to relieve swollen gums as well as erysipelas (an acute streptococcal infectious disease of the skin, characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, and purplish raised lesions, especially on the face, also called Saint Anthony’s fire, Chinese: 丹毒).
Pig kidney cooked with Euphorbia kansui rhizome and Momordica cochinchinensis seeds is taken orally to treat swollen feet.
3.2 Alcoholic Jaundice
Powdered Momordica cochinchinensis seed mixed with vinegar can be taken orally to treat jaundice related to alcoholic hepatitis.
3.3 Lumps In The Abdomen
Pills made with processed Momordica cochinchinensis seeds and rhizomes of coptis chinensis can be taken orally to treat lumps in the abdomen.
Smashed Momordica cochinchinensis seeds mixed with repeatedly boiled water is used externally in relieving pain and discomfort related to haemorrhoids.
Egg white mixed with Momordica cochinchinensis seed powder is cooked and taken after meal to treat scrofula.
3.6 Skin Health
Momordica cochinchinensis seeds (peeled), garlic, realgar and vinegar are smashed and applied externally to treat psoriasis.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Administration with caution for pregnant women and the infirm.
5. Research And Studies:
Momordica cochinchinensis seed contains momordic acid, gypsogenin, oleanolic acid and α-elaeostearic acid.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.