Hyoscyamus niger (also known as henbane, black henbane or stinking nightshade, Chinese Pinyin: Lang Dang, Simplified Chinese: 莨菪, 天仙子, 横唐, 行唐, 牙痛子, 小颠茄子, 米罐子, 熏牙子), is a species of annual or biennial (having a two-year life cycle) flowering, herbaceous and poisonous plant in genus Hyoscyamus (Solanaceae family). Found on hillside, roadside, residential area and river bank, the plant can grow up to 100 cm tall, it is originated in Eurasia and is now globally distributed as a plant grown mainly for pharmaceutical purposes. The seeds of Hyoscyamus niger is used as antispasmodic and analgesic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as metal disorder, coughing, stomach pain, chronic dysentery, prolapse of the anus and malignant sores.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The seeds of Hyoscyamus niger is considered to have bitter, cold and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the heart, stomach and liver meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Hyoscyamus niger & Medical Formulas:
A decoction of Hyoscyamus niger seeds, butter and red dates is taken orally to treat coughing up blood (hemoptysis).
3.2 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Powdered Hyoscyamus niger seeds is taken with water to treat difficulty swallowing, swollen tonsils, throat tightness as well as acute mastitis.
Pills made with Hyoscyamus niger seeds (fried), aconite, licorice root, trogopterus dung and rice paste is taken orally to relieve wandering pain in rheumatic arthritis.
Smoke of burning Hyoscyamus niger seeds can be inhaled to treat tooth decay.
Ointment made with mutton fat and Hyoscyamus niger seeds is used externally to treat injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains.
3.3 Bleeding Stopping
Pills made with Hyoscyamus niger seeds, fresh ginger juice and wine is taken in the morning before meal to treat gastrointestinal bleeding.
3.4 Skin Health
Ash of Hyoscyamus niger seeds can be applied externally to treat malignant sores.
3.5 The Excretory System
Dried dates and Hyoscyamus niger seeds are burned into ashes which can be taken with soup to treat chronic diarrhea with watery stool.
Powdered Hyoscyamus niger seeds (fried) is applied on affected part to treat rectal prolapse.
3.6 Metal Disorder
Medicated wine with Hyoscyamus niger seeds can be heated and taken to treat mania.
5. Research And Studies:
Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Hyoscyamus niger seeds contains alkaloids, mainly hyoscyamine, atropine, scopolamine, atroscine and fat. Reasonable dosage of Hyoscyamus niger seeds can significantly relax muscle, increase intraocular pressure and regulate paralysis, it can also be used to treat severe arrhythmia caused by antimony poisoning.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.