Euphorbia kansui (scientific name: Euphorbia kansui T. N. Liou ex S. B. Ho, Chinese Pinyin: Gan Sui, Simplified Chinese: 甘遂, 主田, 重泽, 甘藁, 陵藁, 甘泽, 苦泽, 白泽, 鬼丑, 陵泽), is a species of perennial flowering plant in genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae family). Found on lower slopes and in field in China, the plant can grow up to 40 cm tall. The rhizome of Euphorbia kansui is used as diuretic, antispasmodic and discutient in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as abdominal dropsy (waterbelly) and epilepsy.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The rhizome of Euphorbia kansui is considered to have bitter, cold and toxic properties and to be associated with the spleen, lung, kidney, bladder, large intestine and small intestine meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Euphorbia Kansui & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Abdominal Edema
A decoction of Euphorbia kansui rhizome (fried) and pharbitis seed is taken orally to treat abdominal edema.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Ointment made with Euphorbia kansui rhizome, Castor bean kernel and camphor is used externally in relieving anesthesia dolorosa (also known as anaesthesia dolorosa or deafferentation pain, it is the pain felt in an area (usually of the face) which is completely numb to touch).
Pig kidney cooked with Euphorbia kansui rhizome and Momordica cochinchinensis seeds is taken orally to treat swollen feet.
3.3 The Excretory System
Euphorbia kansui rhizome has a diuretic effect on the human body. Powdered Euphorbia kansui rhizome and seeds of annatto tree is taken with meal to treat constipation and difficulty passing urine.
Pills made with Euphorbia kansui rhizome (fried) and rhizomes of coptis chinensis is taken orally to treat diabetes.
Pork heart cooked with Euphorbia kansui rhizome and cinnabar is used in treating epilepsy.
3.6 Sudden Deafness
Powdered Euphorbia kansui rhizome can be used externally to treat sudden deafness.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Euphorbia kansui rhizome is toxic, overdose may lead to vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty in breathing, lowered blood pressure and other side effects.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.