Stephania tetrandra (scientific name: Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, Chinese Pinyin: Fang Ji, Simplified Chinese: 防己, 粉防己, 汉防己, 白木香, 解离, 石解), is a species of perennial herbaceous plant in genus Stephania (botanical Menispermaceae family). Found in shrublands at village margins, open fields, and roadsides in South Central and East China in Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan and Zhejiang provinces, the plant can climb up to 3 m tall. The dried root of Stephania tetrandra is used as carminative, aperitive and discutient in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The dried root of Stephania tetrandra is considered to have pungent, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the lung and bladder meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Stephania Tetrandra & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis
A decoction of Stephania tetrandra root, soapstone, coix seed, dung of silkworms and gardenia jasminoides is taken orally to treat rheumatoid arthritis and an acidic body condition.
A decoction of Stephania tetrandra root, ephedra, cinnamon and poria cocos is taken orally to treat rheumatoid arthritis with frequent cramping in hands or wrists.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
Powdered aconitum maximum leaves and Stephania tetrandra root is taken with vinegar soup to reduce postpartum swelling.
A decoction of Fallopia japonica root, radix sileris, Stephania tetrandra root, notopterygium root and the bark of ash can be taken orally to relieve arthralgia (joint pain) and myalgia (muscle pain).
3.3 Bleeding Stopping
Ointment made with Stephania tetrandra root, Skimmia reevesiana stem, bitter wine and lard oil is used externally to treat postpartum stroke.
A decoction of Stephania tetrandra root, astragalus propinquus, white atractylodes rhizome and licorice root is taken orally to treat edema.
3.5 The Excretory System
A decoction of Stephania tetrandra root, radix sileris and radix semiaquilegiae is taken to treat urinary tract infection.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Long term usage or overdose can cause negative consequences.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.