Ephedra Sinica (also known as Chinese ephedra or Ma Huang, Chinese: 麻黄, 龙沙, 卑相, 卑盐), a species of plant in genus Ephedra (Ephedraceae family). Found in Mongolia, Russia (Buryatiya, Chita, Primorye), and northeastern China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi), the rhizome and stem of Ephedra Sinica acts as discutient, antiphlogistic, diaphoretic and antiasthmatic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) used in treating diseases including fever, postpartum abdominal pain and excess sweating.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The rhizome of ephedra sinica is considered to have sweet, neutral and non-toxic properties and to be associated with the lung and bladder meridians.
The stem of ephedra sinica is considered to have bitter, warm and non-toxic properties and to be associated with the lung and bladder meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Ephedra Sinica & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Cold, Flu, Fever And Coughing
A decoction of ephedra sinica and cassia twig is taken to excite perspiration and sweating and treat wind-cold type fever (featured by perceived body pains, stuffy nose and no sweating).
Congee with ephedra sinica and fermented soybean is taken to stop fever in the beginning stages.
A decoction of ephedra sinica wine is taken to treat typhoid fever with jaundice.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation And Relieving Pain
A decoction of ephedra sinica and licorice root is taken orally to treat swelling.
A decoction of ephedra sinica stem, cinnamon and wine is taken to relieve wandering pain in rheumatic arthritis.
Powdered ephedra sinica is taken to treat postpartum abdominal pain and stop bleeding.
3.3 Stroke And Heart Diseases
A decoction of ephedra sinica stem is taken orally to treat strokes.
Pills made with ephedra sinica, pinellia ternata and honey is taken orally with water to relieve heart palpitations.
3.4 Excess Sweating
Powdered ephedra sinica rhizome and dried concha ostreae are used externally to treat excess sweating.
A decoction of astragalus propinquus, ephedra sinica rhizome and concha ostreae is taken orally to treat excess sweating during the night.
3.5 Skin Health
Ephedra sinica rhizome, sulfur and flour are porphyrized and applied externally to treat genital sores.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Studies show that ephedrine has a significant diuretic effect, it can excite the heart, encourage contraction of blood vessels and elevate blood pressure; it has a significant excitement effect on the central nervous system and can cause insomnia and anxiety. Patients suffering from insomnia or high blood pressure should use ephedra sinica with caution.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.