Common guava (scientific name: Psidium guajava, also known as yellow guava, or lemon guava, Chinese Pinyin: Fan Shi Liu, Simplified Chinese: 番石榴), is a species of evergreen, fruit bearing tree native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America (introduced and widely cultivated in South China). The plant is in genus Psidium in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. Habitats of guava include wasteland, hill land, fields and river banks. The plant can grow up to 13 m tall. Characteristics of guava include tolerance for flooding, drought and cold. The leaves and fruits of guava are used as anti-diarrheal, hemostatic (stops bleeding drug) and stomachic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as indigestion, injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains.
Other simplified Chinese names for guava include: 鸡矢果, 拔子, 番稔, 花稔, 番桃树, 缅桃.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels
Guava is considered to have sweet, astringent and neutral properties and to be associated with the large intestine meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Guava & Medical Formulas
Guava is rich in herbal astringents which are compounds that make our gums feel tighter and fresher. The astringents also add substance to loose bowels and reduce symptoms of diarrhea.
Guava is also rich in the dietary fiber which would reduce cholesterol, reduce the chance of getting diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Regular intake of guava may promote bowel movements, prevent constipation and reduce the chance of getting colon cancer and rectal cancer.
3.3 Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Calcined guava is taken orally with warm water to treat abnormal vaginal bleeding.
A decoction of dried guava, white atractylodes rhizome (processed) and guava peel is taken orally to detoxify croton poisoning.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.