Akebia quinata (scientific name: Akebia quinata (Thunb.) Decne, also known as chocolate vine, five-leaf chocolate vine, or five-leaf akebia, Chinese Pinyin: Yu zhi zi, Simplified Chinese: 预知子, 八月瓜, 八月炸, 压惊子), is a species of shrub in genus Akebia (botanical Lardizabalaceae family). Native to Japan, China and Korea, and naturalized in the eastern United States from Georgia to Michigan to Massachusetts, the plant can grow up to 10 m tall. The stem and seed of Akebia quinata are used as sedative, diuretic, lump resolver and blood circulation promoter in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as metal disorder.
In CTM, Akebia quinata seed is exchangeable with seed of Akebia trifoliata and Akebia trifoliata.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The seed of Akebia quinata is considered to have bitter, cold and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the liver, gallbladder, stomach and bladder meridians.
The stem of Akebia quinata is considered to have bitter, cold and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the heart, small intestine and bladder meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Akebia Quinata & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Metal Disorder
Pills made with Akebia quinata seed (peeled), white poria, boxthorn seeds, Acorus tatarinowii root, poria with hostwood, platycladi seed, cortex lycii radicis, polygala tenuifolia, Chinese yam, roots of polygonatum (steamed), cinnabar and honey is taken orally with ginseng soup to treat metal disorder.
3.2 Eyebrow Loss
A decoction of Akebia quinata seed, realgar and mastic is taken with wine to treat eyebrow loss.
3.3 Pain Relieving
A decoction of akebia stem (木通), poria cocos (茯苓), ophiopogon root (麦门冬) and pumice can be a remedy for hernia caused penis pain.
3.4 Excretory System
A decoction of cynanchum paniculatum, couch grass rhizome, akebia stem, chingma abutilon seed, soapstone, betel nut, dianthus superbus and sodium sulfate can be used to treat difficulty with urination.
A decoction of juncus effusus stem, akebia stem, dianthus superbus and plantain seed is taken orally to reduce internal fever and promote diuresis.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Administration with caution for pregnant women.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.