Pea (scientific name: Pisum sativum, also known as green peas; Chinese Pinyin: Wan Dou, Simplified Chinese: 豌豆), is a species of annual, flowering, climbing, herbaceous plant in genus Pisum (bean family, Fabaceae). Widely found in cooler, high altitude and tropical areas across the world, the plant can grow up to 200 cm long. Peas are used as diuretic, detoxicant, detoxicant and discutient in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as diabetes.
Other simplified Chinese names for peas include: 青豆, 麦豌豆, 寒豆, 麦豆, 雪豆, 毕豆, 麻累.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Peas are considered to have sweet, mildly pungent, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the spleen and stomach meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Peas & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Good For Diabetes
Green peas are a very good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, dietary fiber, folate and thiamin (vitamin B1). They are also a good source of vitamin A, phosphorus, vitamin B6, protein, niacin, magnesium, riboflavin (vitamin B2), copper, iron, zinc and potassium. Green peas are good for diabetes.
A decoction of peas and elsholtzia ciliata is taken orally to treat acute gastritis (a sudden inflammation or swelling in the lining of the stomach).
3.3 Skin Health
In case of cold sores/fever blisters, after bathing in water containing giant knot weed (虎仗, 虎杖), peas and licorice root, external application of soapstone powder can help to treat the blisters.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.