Flax (scientific name: Linum usitatissimum, also known as common flax or linseed, Chinese Pinyin: Ya Ma, Simplified Chinese: 亚麻), is a species of annual, erect, flowering, herbaceous plant in genus Linum (Linaceae family). It is a food and fiber crop cultivated in regions with cool, humid climate across the world. The plant can grow up to 120 cm tall. The root, leaves and seeds of flax are used as blood circulation promoter, analgesic and depurative in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains.
Other simplified Chinese names for flax include: 鸦麻, 胡麻饭, 山西胡麻, 山脂麻, 胡脂麻, 胡麻.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
Flax is considered to have pungent, sweet and neutral properties and to be associated with the liver, stomach and large intestine meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Flax & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Eyebrow Loss
A mixture of limonitum, alum, livid salt (青盐, salt from the Saka Salt Lake in Qinghai province) and flax root can be processed into powder and used for treatment of eyebrow loss and body numbness.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
A decoction of flax root can be taken orally to relieve headache.
Flax root, root of nutgrass and asarum are smashed and applied externally to treat injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains.
3.3 Bleeding Stopping
Fresh flax leaves and borneol are porphyrized and used externally to treat knife wounds.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.