Echinochloa crus-galli (also known as cockspur, barnyard millet, Japanese millet, water grass, common barnyard grass, or simply “barnyard grass, Chinese Pinyin: Bai Zi, Simplified Chinese: 稗子), is a species of annual tufted herbaceous plant in genus Echinochloa (grasses family, Poaceae). Found in fields and marshes and originated from tropical Asia, the plant can grow up to 150 cm tall. The root and seed of Echinochloa crus-galli are used as tonic, stomachic and hemostatic (stops bleeding drug) in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as vaginal bleeding after menorrhagia (excessively heavy, prolonged, or irregular period) and hematochezia (blood in stool).
Other simplified Chinese names for Echinochloa crus-galli include: 稗，稗草，扁扁草.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The root of Echinochloa crus-galli is considered to have bitter, astringent and cool properties and to be associated with the stomach and lung meridians.
The seed of Echinochloa crus-galli is considered to have sweet, pungent and neutral and to be associated with the stomach and lung meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Echinochloa Crus-Galli & Medical Formulas:
A decoction of Echinochloa crus-galli seed and couch grass rhizome is taken orally to treat tuberculosis (an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it generally affects the lungs).
3.2 Bleeding Stopping
Smashed Echinochloa crus-galli steam and leaves is applied externally to stop wounds from bleeding.
3.3 Gynecological Diseases and Disorders
Prescribed with other herbs, Echinochloa crus-galli root can help to treat menorrhagia (excessively heavy, prolonged, or irregular period).
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.