Pinellia ternata (scientific name: Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., also known as crow-dipper, Chinese Pinyin: Ban Xia, Simplified Chinese: 半夏, 守田, 水玉, 地文, 和姑), is a species of perennial flowering and herbaceous plant in genus Pinellia (spadix family Araceae). Found in grassland, wasteland, corn filed, farmland and open forest (from between 0 to 2,500 meters in elevation) and native to China, Japan, and Korea, the dried root of Pinellia ternata is used as antitussive, expectorant and lump resolver in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as gastric cancer. This plant is toxic in raw form and must be processed before using.
2. Odour, Properties And Channels:
The dried root of Pinellia ternata is considered to have pungent, neutral and high toxicity properties and to be associated with the spleen, stomach and lung meridians.
3. Uses, Health Benefits of Pinellia Ternata & Medical Formulas:
3.1 Cold, Flu, Fever And Coughing
A decoction of platycodon root, pinellia ternata, orange peel and fresh ginger is to be used in healing typhoid fever with feeling of fullness in the chest.
A decoction of cynanchum glaucescens, aster, pinellia ternata and root of Beijing euphorbia can be used in healing cough with bloating or fullness.
A decoction of Euphorbia helioscopia, pinellia ternata, salvia chinensis root, cynanchum glaucescens, fresh ginger, licorice root, root of scutellaria baicalensis, ginseng and cinnamon is used in treating chronic coughing.
3.2 Reducing Inflammation, Swelling And Relieving Pain
A mixture of synthetic cinnabar, clamshell, clove, black pepper, pinellia ternata and ginger juice can be made into pills for oral taking to mitigate spleen pain.
A mixture of gypsum vitreum, pinellia ternata, sulfur and flour can be made into pills; the pills is to be taken with rice soup to treat acute gastritis.
3.4 Skin Health
A mixture of powdered lime and pinellia ternata can be used as a remedy for deep-rooted boils.
Pills made with Euphorbia pekinensis root, Angelica sinensis, white atractylodes rhizome and fresh pinellia ternata can be taken orally to treat painful sores.
Dried ginger, pinellia ternata and ferrous sulfate are to be pounded into powder for oral taking; the powder needs to be taken with vinegar and can help the treatment of malaria.
3.6 The Excretory System
Sulfur, pinellia ternata, ginger juice and flour can be made into pills for oral taking (taken with warm wine) to remedy constipation caused diarrhea (commonly found in the elderly people).
3.7 Expelling Phlegm
Pills made with pinellia ternata, arisaema erubescens, nardostachys jatamansi rhizome, dried tangerine peel is taken orally with ginger soup to expel phlegm.
3.8 Strengthening Immunity
Medical wine made with roots of Siberian dwarf pine as well as other materials can be used to boost our immune system and make our body’s natural defenses run more smoothly (other materials include: prepared rehmannia root, raw rehmannia root, astragalus propinquus (processed with honey), dried tangerine or orange peel, Angelica sinensis, Mangnolia officinalis, white paeony root, ginseng, bitter orange, rhizoma atractylodis, pinellia ternata, radix asparagi, tuber of dwarf lilyturf, fructus amomi, coptis, elecampane, Sichuan pepper, walnut kernel, red dates, aged rice and fresh rice).
3.9 Heart Disorder
Pills made with ephedra sinica, pinellia ternata and honey is taken orally with water to relieve heart palpitations.
Researches found out that Pinellia ternata root has inhibiting effect on esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, tongue cancer, skin cancer and malignant lymphoma.
4. Contraindication, Side-effects & Cautions:
Aconitum carmichaelii root is not recommended to be used with Pinellia ternata root.
The Ben Cao Medical Book (also known as Compendium of Materia Medica or Ben Cao Gang Mu; Chinese: 本草纲目) is the most famous and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Compiled and written by Li Shi-zhen (1518~1593), a medical expert of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) over 27 years.
The Ben Cao Medical Book records and describes all the plants, animals, minerals, and other objects that were believed to have medicinal properties in TCM. The book reflects the pharmaceutical achievements and developments of East Asia before the 16th century. On the basis of his predecessors’ achievements in the pharmacological studies, Li contributed further by supplementing and rectifying many past mistakes and misconception in relate to nature of many medicinal substances and causes of various illnesses. Charles Darwin, originator of the biological theory of evolution, regards the book as the “ancient Chinese encyclopedia”.
Disclaimer: The Ben Cao Medical Book is translated by ChinaAbout.net. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of CTM knowledge and information from the research and experience from the author Li Shi-zhen. Kindly be alert that the CTM knowledge and ancient formulas given above are likely NOT medically proven and may contain misconceptions.